Global Health Solidarity

Public Health Ethics (2016) doi: 10.1093/phe/phw021 First published online: May 6, 2016
Authors: Peter G. N. West-Oram and Alena Buyx
“For much of the 20th century, vulnerability to deprivations of health has often been defined by geographical and economic factors. …However, in recent years the increasingly globalized nature of the world’s economy, society and culture, combined with anthropogenic climate change and the evolution of antibiotic resistance, has begun to shift the boundaries that previously defined the categories of person threatened by many exogenous threats to health. In doing so, these factors expose both new and forgotten similarities between persons, and highlight the need for global cooperative responses to the existential threats posed by climate change and the evolution of antimicrobial resistance.”
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Culling and the Common Good: Re-evaluating Harms and Benefits under the One Health Paradigm

Public Health Ethics (2016) doi: 10.1093/phe/phw019 First published online: May 3, 2016
Authors: Chris Degeling, Zohar Lederman, Melanie Rock
“One Health (OH) is a novel paradigm that recognizes that human and non-human animal health is interlinked through our shared environment. Increasingly prominent in public health responses to zoonoses, OH differs from traditional approaches to animal-borne infectious risks, because it also aims to promote the health of animals and ecological systems. Despite the widespread adoption of OH, culling remains a key component of institutional responses to the risks of zoonoses. Using the threats posed by highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses to human and animal health, economic activity and food security as a case exemplar, we explore whether culling and other standard control measures for animal-borne infectious disease might be justified as part of OH approaches.”
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One Health and Culling as a Public Health Measure

Public Health Ethics published 23 February 2016, 10.1093/phe/phw002
Author: Zohar Lederman
“One of most pertinent and acute risks that the world is now facing is emerging or re-emerging zoonotic diseases. This article focuses on culling as a measure for zoonotic disease control, specifically the culling of 11,000 badgers as part of the Randomized Badger Culling Trial in the UK and the culling exercises in Singapore. The independent expert panel that devised the UK study concluded that reactive culling was ineffective in reducing the cases of bovine tuberculosis in cattle. The panel also concluded that proactive culling was not cost-effective.”
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Unlawful use of animals in surgery in Sydney but no prosecutions

SMH, 14 February 2016
Author: Natalie O’Brien
“Unlawful surgical procedures on live animals have been carried out at an unnamed Sydney medical facility in breach of the state laws on animal research, sparking calls for a parliamentary inquiry.”
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Medical testing on primates: more openness and transparency needed

SMH, 23 January 2016
Author: SMH
“A Fairfax Media investigation has revealed that scores of medical experiments on primates are being conducted in secret at a number of Sydney hospitals and universities. We have uncovered evidence about what has been dubbed Frankenstein-like surgical experiments undertaken on primates using taxpayer funds.”
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Antibiotic use in food fuels humans’ resistance to vital drugs

Med News, 8 December 2015
Source: Medicine
“The use of antibiotics in agriculture is fuelling drug resistance and must be cut back or even banned where they are important for humans, a report commissioned by David Cameron has warned. Just as rising levels of human use of antibiotics are leading to growing resistance, the same is happening in agriculture, the review said in its latest paper, published on Tuesday.”
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One Welfare: online portal to guide future vets on animal welfare and ethics

SMH, 1 December 2015
Author: Kim Arlington
“Veterinarians can struggle with the ethical dilemmas that confront them every day. But a new online educational resource will support future vets as they learn about ethics and animal welfare, helping them make informed decisions and reducing stress at work.”
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Making the moral case on climate change ahead of Paris summit

The Conversation, 23 November 2015
Author: Lawrence Torcello
“But now more academics are weighing in on climate change: philosophers, ethicists, and social scientists among others. More than 2,100 academics, and counting, from over 80 nations and a diversity of disciplines have endorsed a moral and political statement addressed to global leaders ahead of December’s UN climate conference in Paris.”
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Will the “Tobacco Strategy” Work Against Big Oil?

The New Yorker, 17 November 2015
Author: Lincoln Caplan
“According to InsideClimate News, the office of New York State Attorney General Eric Schneiderman had been investigating ExxonMobil for a year before it issued a recent subpoena for “documents on what Exxon knew about climate change and what it told shareholders and the public.” The subpoena compelled ExxonMobil to hand over scientific research and communications about climate change dating back to 1977.”
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