Fight obesity before it happens as diets don’t cut breast cancer risk, experts say

The Guardian, 12 June 2015
Author: Sarah Boseley
“Scientists are calling for greater action to prevent obesity after a major study established that overweight and obese women run an increased risk of breast cancer that is not diminished by weight loss. The study of more than 67,000 women in the United States, who were followed for a median of 13 years, confirms that excess weight is a real risk for breast cancer after the menopause.”
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Data Disclosure Leads Researchers to End Study of Obesity Drug

NYT Health, 12 May 2015
Author: Andrew Pollack
“A study of an obesity drug has ended after the manufacturer released early and ultimately misleading data, researchers said on Tuesday. The company, Orexigen Therapeutics, disclosed in March that early results from a clinical trial of its drug Contrave had shown a 41 percent reduction in the risk of heart attacks, strokes and death from cardiovascular causes. Orexigen’s stock shot up, and the information no doubt helped lift sales of Contrave.”
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Bariatric Surgery before Pregnancy — Is This a Solution to a Big Problem?

N Engl J Med 2015; 372:877-878
Author: Aaron B. Caughey, M.D., Ph.D.
“The current study underscores that bariatric surgery has the potential to reduce the risks of gestational diabetes and large-for-gestational-age neonates but is also associated with some risks in pregnancy. Decisions regarding bariatric surgery in women of reproductive age should take into account the benefits and risks associated with this not inconsequential procedure in terms of both pregnancy and long-term health.”
Find editorial here and research article here.

F.D.A. Approves Surgical Implant to Treat Obesity

NYT, 14 January 2015
Author: Catherine Saint Louis
“The Food and Drug Administration approved a surgically implanted device to treat obesity in some adults. Called the Maestro system, the implant is the first to generate an intermittent electrical pulse that blocks nerve signals from the brain to the stomach, reducing hunger pangs.”
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Planning and evaluating population interventions to reduce noncommunicable disease risk – reconciling complexity and scientific rigour?

Public Health Res Practice. 2014;25(1):e2511402
Authors: Adrian Bauman, Don Nutbeam
“The prevention of chronic disease in populations is a complex challenge. It requires efforts to reduce the biobehavioural risk factors for noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as physical inactivity, poor nutrition and smoking, and to consider the social and economic contexts in which health-compromising behaviours occur. NCD prevention programs are ‘complex public health programs’ because of their multiple intervention components, delivery in different settings and prolonged time frames. Evaluation of NCD programs is correspondingly complex.”
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Fat to blame for half a million cancers a year

Reuters, 25 November 2014
Author: Kate Kelland
“Some half a million cases of cancer a year are due to people being overweight or obese, and the problem is particularly acute in North America. In a study published in the journal The Lancet Oncology, the WHO’s International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) said high body mass index (BMI) has now become a major cancer risk factor, responsible for some 3.6 percent, or 481,000, of new cancer cases in 2012.”
Find article here.