Mother who refuses to follow court order to vaccinate son: ‘Most likely, I’ll be going to jail’

SMH, 30 September 2017
Author: Kristine Phillips
“The American Medical Association has long decried allowing parents to decline vaccination for nonmedical reasons and has cited vaccines’ ability to prevent diseases such as measles, mumps and other infectious diseases. Still, a majority of states allow religious exemptions for vaccinations. Nearly 20, including Michigan, provide exemption for religious and personal reasons. Only three, California, Mississippi and West Virginia, don’t allow nonmedical exemptions.”
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Medical ethics in Israel—bridging religious and secular values

The Lancet, May 2017, 2584-2586
Authors: Alan B Jotkowitz, Riad Agbaria, Shimon M Glick
“Peter Berger, a sociologist of religion, once stated that “the theme of individual autonomy is perhaps the most important theme in the worldview of modernity”. Although modern bioethics was relatively late in accepting the value of personal autonomy in medical decision making, this autonomy is now universally recognised as the core value of western medical ethics. Principilism, as proposed by Beauchamp and Childress, lists autonomy along with beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice as the four cardinal principles of bioethics.”
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Ethical conflicts in the treatment of fasting Muslim patients with diabetes during Ramadan

Med Health Care and Philos (2017). doi:10.1007/s11019-017-9777-y
Authors: Ilhan Ilkilic, Hakan Ertin
“Ethical problems arising from fasting during the month of Ramadan for practicing Muslim patients are being discussed on the basis of extant research literature. Relevant conflicts of interest originating in this situation are being analysed from an ethical perspective.”
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Beyond cultural stereotyping: views on end-of-life decision making among religious and secular persons in the USA, Germany, and Israel

BMC Medical Ethics 2017 18:13
Authors: Mark Schweda, Silke Schicktanz, Aviad Raz, Anita Silvers
“End-of-life decision making constitutes a major challenge for bioethical deliberation and political governance in modern democracies: On the one hand, it touches upon fundamental convictions about life, death, and the human condition. On the other, it is deeply rooted in religious traditions and historical experiences and thus shows great socio-cultural diversity. The bioethical discussion of such cultural issues oscillates between liberal individualism and cultural stereotyping. Our paper confronts the bioethical expert discourse with public moral attitudes.”
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Federal judge halts transgender health protections

The Hill, 31 December 2017
Author: Mallory Shelbourne
“A federal judge in Texas on Saturday halted enforcement of federal rules aimed at preventing doctors from discriminating against transgender individuals. U.S. District Judge Reed O’Connor granted the temporary injunction, saying the rules “likely violate” the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, according to The Associated Press.”
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Personal autonomy in health settings and Shi’i Islamic Jurisprudence: a literature review

Med Health Care and Philos (2016). doi:10.1007/s11019-016-9738-x
Authors: Zohrehsadat NajiZari ZamaniSofia A., KoutlakiPayman Salamati
“Respect for personal autonomy in decision-making is one of the four ethical principles in medical circumstances. This paper aims to present evidence that can be considered good exemplars in the clarification of the ethical viewpoints of the western and Shi’i Islamic perspectives on this issue.”
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Plaintiffs Say ACA Equity Rules Illegally Require Abortion, Gender Transition Services

Health Affairs Blog, 24 August 2016
Author: Timothy Jost
“The complaint alleges that the section 1557 regulations force the plaintiff professionals and facilities to provide gender transition services against their medical judgment and religious beliefs. It also asserts that the regulations prohibit discrimination on the basis of “termination of pregnancy” and fail to provide an exclusion for abortions, thus requiring coverage of abortions. The states allege that the regulation requires them to cover gender transition services and interferes with their “zealous” protection of the physician-patient relationship.”
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Uni code demands teaching against abortion, IVF for gays

The Australian, 11 August 2016
Author: Sharri Markson
“Teachers at the medical school of Notre Dame University have to commit to teach under a code of standards that bans contraception. This code advises contraception is not permissible, healthcare facilities should resist pressure to offer prenatal testing, as it is futile because abortion is not banned even in the case of abnormalities, and gay and unmarried couples should not have access to IVF. AMA president Dr Michael Gannon said it was unlawful for medical practitioners to discriminate against ­people on the basis of sexual preference or gender.”
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Divided Supreme Court rejects family pharmacy’s religious claim

Reuters, 28 June 2016
Author: Lawrence Hurley
“A divided U.S. Supreme Court on Tuesday turned away an appeal by a family-owned pharmacy that cited Christian beliefs in objecting to providing emergency contraceptives to women under a Washington state rule, prompting a searing dissent by conservative Justice Samuel Alito. The justices left in place a July 2015 ruling by the San Francisco-based 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals that upheld a state regulation that requires pharmacies to deliver all prescribed drugs, including contraceptives, in a timely manner.”
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