Swedish stem cell “pioneers” are found guilty of research misconduct

BMJ 2017;357:j1808
Author: Owen Dyer
“Two Swedish professors, hailed as pioneers in the field of stem cell transplantation, have been found guilty of misconduct by their employer, Gothenburg University, after they falsely claimed to have obtained ethics approval for unproven operations that they carried out on three children.”
Find article here.

Independent board needed to promote research integrity, US panel says

BMJ 2017; 357:j1879
Author: Michael McCarthy
“A new US report calls for the creation of an independent advisory board to help scientists, scientific institutions, journals, and other participants tackle research misconduct and reduce questionable practices, which, while they might not represent misconduct, harm research enterprise.”
Find article here.

Diabetologist and former journal editor faces charges of data fabrication

BMJ 2017; 356: j1348
Author: Clare Dyer
“At a four week hearing of the Medical Practitioners Tribunal Service that opened on 13 March, the GMC accuses Grant of a catalogue of research misconduct, including forging the signatures of coauthors, listing doctors who had not significantly contributed to papers as coauthors, and fabricating data.”
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WHO refers $29m Oxford research project to GMC for misconduct

BMJ 2016; 355: i5971
Author: Nigel Hawkes
“The World Health Organization has referred leading Oxford University researchers to the UK General Medical Council after an independent review found that they committed research ethics misconduct. The referral is the culmination of a long running dispute involving José Villar of the Nuffield Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at Oxford and Stephen Kennedy, head of the department and professor of reproductive medicine. They lead Intergrowth-21st, an international study of fetal growth funded by a $29m (£23.2m; €26m) grant from the Gates Foundation.”
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Statutory regulation needed to expose and stop medical fraud

BMJ 2016;352:i293
Author: Richard Smith
“Anjan Kumar Banerjee, a surgeon, spent the years 2002 to 2008 erased from the medical register for serious professional misconduct related to research fraud, financial misconduct, and substandard care, yet in 2014 he was awarded an MBE “for services to patient safety.”1 This embarrassing mistake was quickly rectified, and the MBE forfeited. But he remains a fellow of three medical colleges. Each either awarded him or reinstated a fellowship after his erasure, and the University of London has not withdrawn his MS degree, which has been known for 15 years to be based on fraudulent data. The long sorry story of Banerjee that cardiologist Peter Wilmshurst tells in the linked analysis article,1 and has told in part before,2 raises serious questions about the integrity of medical and scientific institutions.”
Find extract here.

Migraine doctor loses appeal against findings of dishonesty

BMJ 2015;351:h6351
Author: Clare Dyer
“A High Court judge has upheld two findings of dishonesty by the Medical Practitioners Tribunal Service against a leading headache specialist in the conduct of a clinical trial.  Andrew Dowson, director of headache services at King’s College Hospital in London, appealed to the High Court after he was suspended for four months last February for a “serious breach of professional standards.”1”
Find extract here.

Former Duke University oncologist is guilty of research misconduct, US officials find

BMJ 2015;351:h6058
Author: Michael McCarthy
“A cancer genomics researcher, whose reported findings appeared in some of the world’s most prestigious journals and prompted the initiation of several clinical trials, has been found guilty of research misconduct by the US Department of Health and Human Services’ Office of Research Integrity (ORI).”
Find extract here.

Ramipril research papers are retracted over faked data

BMJ 2015;351:h5035
Author: Michael McCarthy
“Two papers that reported that the blood pressure drug ramipril was beneficial in patients with intermittent claudication due to peripheral artery disease have been retracted after an investigation found that data were fabricated by the studies’ lead author, Anna A Ahimastos, a researcher at the prestigious Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute in Melbourne, Australia.”
Find extract here.

Paolo Macchiarini is not guilty of scientific misconduct

The Lancet, Volume 386, No. 9997, 5 September 2015
“Last week, allegations of research misconduct against Paolo Macchiarini, a professor at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, were finally dismissed. The university issued its final ruling, concluding that there was “nothing to support suspicions of scientific misconduct”. Macchiarini’s work on the transplantation of tissue-engineered tracheas was published in The Lancet in 2011.”
Find editorial here.