Syria’s lost generation of doctors

BMJ 2015;350:h3479
Authors: Aula Abbara, Miriam Orcutt, Omar Gabbar
“Even before the recent escalation of violence in Syria the targeting of doctors and medical facilities in the Syrian civil war was systematic and the consequences profound. Physicians for Human Rights (PHR) has reported more targeting of healthcare workers and health facilities in the Syrian conflict than in any previous conflict, with 224 attacks on medical facilities between March 2011 and December 2014.1 In 2014, a health worker was, on average, killed every other day; in March 2015, four of the eight medical facilities attacked had been targeted previously, some by barrel bombs.”
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Doctor Who Instructed Thousands Of U.S. Troops Accused Of Drugging, Abusing Trainees

The Huffington Post, 8 June 2015
Author: John Shiffman
“Since retiring from the U.S. Army in 2000, Dr. John Henry Hagmann has helped train thousands of soldiers and medical personnel in how to treat battlefield wounds. His company, Deployment Medicine International, has received more than $10.5 million in business from the federal government.The taxpayer-funded training has long troubled animal rights activists, who contend that Hagmann’s use of live, wounded pigs to simulate combat injuries is unnecessarily cruel. But an investigation by Virginia medical authorities alleges that pigs weren’t the doctor’s only training subjects.”
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Mentally Ill Inmates Are Routinely Physically Abused, Study Says

NYT Health, 12 May 2015
Author: Timothy Williams
“Mentally ill inmates in prisons and jails across the United States are subjected to routine physical abuse by guards, including being doused with chemical sprays, shocked with electronic stun guns and strapped for hours to chairs or beds, according to a report by Human Rights Watch.”
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Understanding violence against health care: A gender perspective

ICRC, online 5 May 2015
“What are the main obstacles and challenges to safe access to and provision of health care in conflict for girls, boys, women and men?  This question is explored in the new report “Study on Access to Health Care during Armed Conflict and Other Emergencies: Examining Violence against Health Care from a Gender Perspective.” The report, released by Swedish Red Cross, is part of the Health Care in Danger project (HCiD).”
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Prevention of violence against women and girls: what does the evidence say?

The Lancet, 18 April 2015, 385(9977), p1555-1566
Authors: Mary Ellsberg, Diana J Arango, Matthew Morton, Floriza Gennari, Sveinung Kiplesund, Manuel Contreras, Charlotte Watts
“In this Series paper, we review evidence for interventions to reduce the prevalence and incidence of violence against women and girls. Our reviewed studies cover a broad range of intervention models, and many forms of violence—ie, intimate partner violence, non-partner sexual assault, female genital mutilation, and child marriage. Evidence is highly skewed towards that from studies from high-income countries, with these evaluations mainly focusing on responses to violence.”
Find abstract here.

The health-systems response to violence against women

The Lancet, 18 April 2015, 385(9977), p1567-1579
Authors: Dr Claudia García-Moreno, Kelsey Hegarty, Ana Flavia Lucas d’Oliveira, Jane Koziol-McLain, Manuela Colombini, Gene Feder
“Health systems have a crucial role in a multisector response to violence against women. Some countries have guidelines or protocols articulating this role and health-care workers are trained in some settings, but generally system development and implementation have been slow to progress. Substantial system and behavioural barriers exist, especially in low-income and middle-income countries.”
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Nearly 1 in 10 Americans have severe anger issues and access to guns

The Washinton Post, 8 April 2015
Author: Christopher Ingraham
“Roughly 22 million Americans — 8.9 percent of the adult population– have impulsive anger issues and easy access to guns. 3.7 million of these angry gun owners routinely carry their guns in public. And very few of them are subject to current mental health-based gun ownership restrictions.”
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Remove the burden of family violence from the victims, to the courts

The Conversation, 19 March 2015
Author: Rob Hulls
“Family violence has finally come to attention as a systemic wrong in need of a national plan. A federal Senate Inquiry is examining it in detail and Victoria has appointed a dedicated minister for its prevention and a Royal Commission. The Queensland Special Taskforce has just handed down its comprehensive report. Despite increased awareness, a significant gap exists in our collective response. Yes, we need to support those who are subjected to family violence – mostly women and children – and this must remain our priority. But we must also intervene at the source of the problem.”
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Brazil passes femicide law to tackle rise in gender killings

Reuters, 10 March 2015
Author: Anastasia Moloney
“Brazil, where a woman is killed every two hours, is imposing tougher punishments on those who murder women and girls, as part of a government bid to stem a rise in gender killings.President Dilma Rousseff said the new law gave a legal definition to the crime of femicide – the killing of a woman by a man because of her gender – and set out jail sentences of 12 to 30 years for convicted offenders.”
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